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Instructions delivered at the opening of the "Lyceum" at Smith homestead, Nauvoo, Ill., January 5, 1841
Sources: William Clayton's Private Book and "McIntire Minute Book", Brigham Young University library and LDS Archives 1

Clayton Record McIntire Record
Description of Paul the Apostle

By Joseph, January 5th 1841, at
the organization of a school of
Description of Paul2 --He is about 5 foot high; very dark hair; dark complection; dark skin; large Roman nose; sharp face; small black eyes, penetrating as eternity; round shoulders; a whining voice, except when elevated and then it almost resembles the roaring of a Lion. He was a good orator, but Doctor Bennett3 is a superior orator, and like Paul is active and deligent, always employing himself in doing good to his fellow men.
Public Speaking

Subject first--Discussed By D. C. Smith;6s also this preciple practized By many the Blessings & Results of the same he said the priciple would Bind the Harts of Man together & give them confidence in each other & as John says thy word is truth; so he says if we keep his word shall all be actuated By the same principles be as one man; & as angels are obedient to the same word we shall have Concorse to them & also to all the Heavnly throng; Joseph said to D. C. Smith that to be free from the Coruptions of the Earth that meant the speaker should all ways speak in his Natureal tone of voice; & Not to keep in one loud strain; But to act without affectation.

By Joseph, January 5th, 1841
Answer to the question, was the
Priesthood of Melchizedeck taken
away when Moses died.

All priesthood is Melchizedeck; but there are different portions or degrees of it. That portion which brought Moses to speak with God face to face was taken away; but that which brought the ministry of angels remained. All the Prophets had the Melchizedeck Priesthood and was ordained by God himself.

World and Earth

¶ The world and earth are not synonymous terms. The world is the human family.

Earth Formed from other Planets

This earth was organized or formed out of other planets which were broke up and remodelled and made into the one on which we live.

Next Subject was--Did the Lord God make the Earth out of Nothing; By D. Ells. say he God did not make the earth out of Nothing; for it is contrary to a Rashanall [rational] mind & Reason. that a something could be Brought from a Nothing; also it is contry to the principle & Means by witch God does work; for instance; when God formed man, he made him of something; the Dust of the Earth, & and he allways took a something to afect a something Else; oft he takes man to scorge his fellow man, or watter to Destroy man--or fire to Distroy Man or angels for istance the angel that went forth & Distroyed a hundred thousand one knigt
Phrenology - Revelation

Joseph Smith said to D Ells, & to the Congregation that he for a lenth of time, thought on phreknoleagee [phrenology]; & that he had a Revalation. the Lord Rebuking him sharply in Crediting such a thing; & further said there was No Reality in such a science But was the works of the Devil; he also said the Lord had told him that Bro. Law would Do well, he would Go & preach the Gospel

No Beginning No End Axiom - Ring Illustration

The elements are eternal. That which has a beginning will surely have an end. Take a ring, it is without beginning or end; cut it for a beginning place, and at the same time you have will an ending place.

Eternal Principles are from God

A key, every principle proceeding from God is eternal, and any principle which is not eternal is of the Devil. The sun has no beginning or end, the rays which proceed from himself have no bounds, consequently are eternal. So it is with God.

Spirit of Man Eternal-Book of Abraham

If the soul of man had a beginning it will surely have an end.

Create = Formed

In the translation, without form and void" it should read "empty and desolate." The word "created" should be formed or organized.

he also said as for his own knowledge the Earth was made out of sumthing for it was impossible for a sumthing to be made out of Nothing fire, air, & watter are Eternal Existant principles which are the Composition of which the Earth-has been Composed; also this Earth has been organized out of portions of other Globes that has ben Disorganized; in tistimoney that this Earth was Not the first of Gods work;
Observations on the Sectarian God.

Father has a Body - Resurrected

That which is without body or parts is nothing. There is no other God in heaven but that God who has flesh and bones. John 5-26, "As the father hath life in himself, even so hath he given the son to have life in himself". God the father took life unto himself precisely as Jesus did. 4

he quoted a passage from the testament where Jesus said all things that he had saw the father Do he had done & that he done Nothing But what he saw the father do John the 5th [verse 19] he also said in testimony of the situation the saints in the presence of God. that they had flesh & bones &
First Step in Salvation

The first step in the salvation of men is the laws of eternal and self-existent principles. Spirits are eternal.

Grand Council

At the first organization in heaven we were all present and saw the Savior chosen and appointed, and the plan of salvation made and we sanctioned it. 5

Purpose of Earth Life

We came to this earth that we might have a body and present it pure before God in the Celestial Kingdom. The great principle of happiness consists in having a body.

that was the agreement in Eternity to come here & take on them tabernacles &
Devil Wants a Body - Obey to Keep Devil at Bay

The Devil has no body, and herein is his punishment. He is pleased when he can obtain the tabernacle of man and when cast out by the Savior he asked to go into the herd of swine showing that he would prefer a swine's body to having none. All beings who have bodies have power over those who have not. The devil has no power over us only as we permit him; the moment we revolt at anything which comes from God the Devil takes power.

the Differance Between us & Satin in that Respect is that he fell & had Not opertunity to Come in the flesh-- that he allways is striving to get others as miserable as himself--
Earth Will Go Back to God

¶ This earth will be rolled back in to the presence of God and crowned with Celestial Glory.


1. William Patterson McIntire. B. Wheatfield, Penn. to George and Sarah Davis McIntire. Moved to Ohio, converted to Mormonism, 1836 by Erastus Snow. Moved to Nauvoo, Ill. 1840. Worked as a tailor and on construction of Nauvoo Temple. Helped rescue Joseph Smith from false arrest. Arrived Salt Lake Valley, 1849. Settled in St. George, Utah.

2. Various speculations on where Joseph Smith arrived at this description range from a vision of Paul to fanciful literature of the time. The Acts of Paul for example:
"A man small in size, with meeting eyebrows, with a rather large nose bald-headed, bowlegged, strongly built . . ."

3. John Cook Bennett, shortly to become Mayor of Nauvoo. By 1842 Bennett would leave the Church as a bitter enemy of Joseph Smith.

4. The doctrine that God the Father is a resurrected being is here announced. However, at least by 1836 the Saints were publically saying that God had a material body. Even before this, we have JST Gen. 6:9 which suggests the idea. See notes at 7Apr44. Also Milton V. Backman, "Truman Coe's 1836 Description of Mormonism," in Joseph Smith's First Vision, (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1980) 347, 354.

5. The Book of Abraham themes that characterized a number of sermons from 1839 and 1840 once again surface in these records, but most prominently in the Clayton version. Ex nihilo creation questions are answered by Joseph Smith. This sets the LDS doctrine which has been continued to the present. The statements on the nature of Man are repeated over and over by Joseph Smith together with his "no beginning, no end" axiom. They seem to have been regarded as a fundamental part of his beliefs - see discourse of 5Feb40. Earlier revelations address some of these topics, for example D&C 93:33, but Mormon writers of the time either ignored these early words or interpreted them differently (for example see Parley P. Pratt, Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star, June 1842 on D&C 93:29-30). Such statements as these perhaps baffled some Mormons, although their circulation among the total populations of Latter-day Saints was probably quite limited. Except for the remarks on ex nihilo creation, many of them were simply not repeated by anyone in a systematic way until B. H. Roberts began to think about them more than sixty years later.

6. Joseph Smith's brother, Don Carlos Smith.

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